When the country had recovered from these internecine struggles, pottery art took a new lease of life, though under somewhat changed conditions. The Song wares went out of favour, and the old factories sank into obscurity, while the fame and importance of the great porcelain town of Jingdezhen, near the Boyang Lake in Jiangxi province, overshadowed all the rest. The imperial factory there was rebuilt and reorganized to keep the court supplied with the new porcelain. The staple product of Jingdezhen was the fine white porcelain that made china a household word throughout the world; and as this ware lent itself peculiarly well to painted decoration, the vogue for painted porcelain rapidly replaced the old Song taste for monochromes. Engraved examples are known, and Chinese commentaries refer to specimens decorated in red. After this early period, Ming wares generally are fairly easily recognizable. Porcelain replaced stoneware as the usual medium, and polychrome decoration became widely employed. The largest single group of Ming porcelain is that painted in blue underglaze. Much of the pigment used was imported from Middle Eastern sources.
Choose from Antique Chinese Ceramics For Sale – priced from £ to £ CHINESE PORCELAIN FAMILLE ROSE BLUE AND WHITE £
Porcelain production began in Japan in the early seventeenth century, several hundred years after it had first been made in China during the Tang dynasty — This refined white ceramic requires more advanced technology than other ceramic types. The vessels are fired at very high temperatures so that they are strong and vitrified, as opposed to low-fired earthenware, which is porous and easily breakable. Unlike stoneware, which is high-fired but can be made from many different types of clay, porcelain is made from a specific clay mixture that includes a soft, white variety called kaolin.
The smooth, semi-translucent surface of porcelain is ideal for painting delicate designs, and has been prized in both the East and West. The Japanese porcelain industry was actually pioneered by Korean potters living in Japan. Many of them came to Japan during two invasions of Korea led by Toyotomi Hideyoshi in the s. An appreciation of Korean ceramics had recently developed in Japan, and many of the feudal lords who accompanied Hideyoshi brought back Korean potters to build up the ceramic industry in their territories These potters would eventually become the first producers of porcelain in Japan, but they started out by reviving the production of a type of stoneware called Karatsu ware The potters also introduced a new type of kiln to Japan, the noborigama , or climbing kiln, which allows for greater precision during firing.
Blue and White Pottery & Dishes
Under-glaze, transfer printed blue and white ware was, and still is, a staple product of the UK pottery industry. The pattern has a fascinating history. Its origins, however are even older and tradition has it that the pattern was brought to Europe from China or Japan at some time in the late 18 th Century.
Aug 15, – Explore Antiques Atlas’s board “blue and white pottery”, umbrella stand, a Japanese deep, blue and white ceramic stick pot dating to the mid.
Pottery identification is a valuable aid to dating of archaeological sites. Pottery is usually the most common find and potsherds are more stable than organic materials and metals. As pottery techniques and fashions have evolved so it is often possible to be very specific in terms of date and source. This Jigsaw introduction to pottery identification is intended to get you started with basic guidelines and chronology.
EIA pottery. Nene Valley Mortaria — AD. Hofheim Flagons: Imported or produced in Britain for the army c. This type of flagon had an almost cylindrical neck, out-curved lips and might be single or doubled-handled.
Blue and White porcelain – pottery
Chinese pottery designs. Kiln size varies, with small kilns plug into a volt electrical outlet, making them convenient for small businesses to use. Abstract designs such as interesting color effects with splashes, dabs, blending and merging of colors etc. Japanese and Chinese Porcelain marks, Chinese pottery and porcelain, Chinese Imari export porcelain, Chinese porcelain, Chinese famille rose, famille verte and Rose Medallion porcelain and an active Collector Forum.
At first, the transfer patterns were copied from the blue and white Chinese designs found on the hand-painted porcelain that was popular in the 18th century.
Below are answers to questions we often receive. If you have a question, post it to our message board. We cull from this board to add to our FAQs list. Transferware is the term given to pottery that has had a pattern applied by transferring the print from a copper plate to a specially sized paper and finally to the pottery body. While produced primarily on earthenware, transfer prints are also found on ironstone, porcelain and bone china. Ultimately, many thousands of patterns were produced on tens of millions of pieces.
The process was developed in the second half of the 18th century in response to the need of the newly emerging British middle class for less expensive tableware. Many factories claim responsibility for the origin of the process, but, in fact, it was probably a combination of men and materials that came together in the English county of Staffordshire, where there had been pottery making since the 16th century. A combination of raw materials, men of science such as Spode and Wedgwood, cheap labor and new canals that connected Staffordshire to the major ports of Liverpool and London, made the transferware production possible and profitable.
At first, the transfer patterns were copied from the blue and white Chinese designs found on the hand-painted porcelain that was popular in the 18th century. At the turn of the 19th century, while potters were still using Chinese patterns as their primary source for inspiration, they began to incorporate European features into these designs.
Try to buy the best quality example your budget will allow. And here are a few practical tips and things to consider.
on blue and white transfer ware C. Specific Date Indicators in Antique Marks & Potters China Marks Ceramics bearing the words – English Bone China or Bone.
For e. Such restrictions significantly impacted the type of decorations found on folk kiln blue and white wares. Only a relatively limited range of motifs were available. Usually the motifs are highly stylised and simplified and executed in calligraphic style. This carefree style without depiction of details has a charm and character of its own. Recent scientific tests seem to indicate that Yuan blue and white used solely imported cobalt. During the reign of Hongwu, he issued decrees prohibiting foreign contact and trade.
Hence, the source of imported cobalt would have been cut off. It is likely that remaining imported cobalt during the period were used for imperial blue and white. This is not far-fetched. For those Hongwu imperial blue and white, we can still see stylistic continuity from the Yuan period. However, for motifs on folk kiln blue and white attributed to Hongwu, they generally lack stylistic similarity to those from Yuan period.
This logically should not be the case in the evolvement of artistic styles. Another issue which need to be explored is when the potters started using local cobalt if only imported cobalt was used during the Yuan period.
With archeological examples dating back to B. Over the years clear regional styles developed, with the quality of the products largely dependent on the types of clay found in the area. Ceramics traditions also crossed borders: with the migrations of people and as a commodity across the region. Gold is liberally featured and the intricately repeated patterns are applied much more thickly than in the earlier Chinese examples, giving a highly textured finish.
Last month I was able to visit two porcelain factory outlets close to Bangkok for a small glimpse of the quality and range of Thai ceramic products.
The staple product of Jingdezhen was the fine white porcelain that made china a household word The largest single group of Ming porcelain is that painted in blue underglaze. A Ming date is exceedingly optimistic for most of them. To this.
Here we have a stunning matched pair of Royal Royal vases in a flow blue style, manufactured in a tapered hexagonal ovoid form on a raised hexagonal pedestal foot with matching hexagonal rim. Both vases beautifully decorated with four panels. One vase depicting a harbour scene, the other a figural landscape scene and each vase with a smaller pottery scene. All within foliate scroll borders and set against a beautiful background of floral dating on a royal blue white ground.
Both dating these good quality Royal Bonn vases bear dating Franz Anton Mehlem base mark together with various pottery marks, which date them to around. Both royal stand 31cm tall on 10cm wide foot rims and have 9cm wide dating with an. They weigh gms. Quite a few Antiques products were made pottery order or used designs bonn bonn well known artists from arts and craft academies.
Antique 1800s blue Asiatic pheasants plate blue and white pottery Dining & Serving
A look at English, American and Continental Victorian majolica and faience from a historical, aesthetic and collectible point of view. Good to know Chinese Porcelain – Qing Dynasty. Shop for—and learn—about vintage and antiques. Browse the best of eBay, connect with other collectors, and explore the history behind your favorite finds. A site which provides useful information on Yaozhou greenware.
The characteristic white-and-blue patterned tableware has been made in the same village for over two hundred years.
As with anything attractive, there are many copies of the famous Delft blue porcelain that have been made over the years. This distinctive blue and white pottery often depicts scenes from Holland, but back in the old days had a more botanical feel, with tiles, spoons, pitchers, and bowls bearing all kinds of designs. Today, many of the Delft pieces most commonly found in stores are of the tourist variety — sold for a quick buck without the true hallmarks of traditional Delftware.
In the s the Dutch explorers brought in wealth and a variety of products for the nation, which made them a world-class trading partner for other European countries. All of these products held up well over long voyages and were soon considered indispensable for the well-to-do in Europe, the Middle East, and even in the Americas. What made Dutch pottery so special was that the tea culture in Europe had not yet evolved and at the time the Dutch were some of the few making teacups and the proper paraphenalia whith which to drink tea.
The hand-painted pieces were lavishly decorated in vibrant blues, but also other colors like black, red, and yellow, depending on the design. The initial copied designs of the late 17th century were intended to sate the Dutch desire for all things Eastern at the time. The formation of the Dutch East Indies Company in what is today Indonesia was a huge trading force which led to the colonization of the area. The success of new crops and goods from Indonesia gave rise to a craze for Asian-inspired goods.
But, Chinese pottery was quite expensive to import and this made it largely inaccessible to the even the upper classes. The first imitations were made for tea drinking, another Eastern influence.
blue and white antique pottery
The decoration is commonly applied by hand, originally by brush painting, but nowadays by stencilling or by transfer-printing , though other methods of application have also been used. The cobalt pigment is one of the very few that can withstand the highest firing temperatures that are required, in particular for porcelain , which partly accounts for its long-lasting popularity. Historically, many other colours required overglaze decoration and then a second firing at a lower temperature to fix that.
In Chinese, all blue-and-white porcelain and porcelaneous stonewares are generically described as Winter Green ceramics date back to the Sung Dynasty.
Most people have probably heard of Staffordshire Porcelain, and most vintage and antique porcelain collectors are probably familiar with the name. Is it a company name? Is it a style, or type of porcelain? Is it just a region that porcelain comes from? Or could the answer be all of the above? There is a noted porcelain company named Crown Staffordshire, and Staffordshire is a region that was, and still is , home to many English porcelain makers.
And it is also associated with a style of porcelain design — Blue Ware was a porcelain design that originated in Staffordshire. So yes, the answer is that Staffordshire porcelain is all the above, and most collectors of Staffordshire antique porcelain know that this is a very broad category, so they almost always focus their collections on one aspect of Staffordshire porcelain. As a region, Staffordshire became the hub for many English porcelain makers and manufactories because of its close proximity to the source of Devonshire clay, a prime ingredient in the formula for most types of English porcelain.
Its location was also central to major water and land transports of the time, which is another important consideration when deciding where to establish a manufacturing facility. English porcelain was a mix of several types of porcelain, and with the diversity of potteries and porcelain makers in Staffordshire it is no wonder that recognized Staffordshire pieces can be any one of many varieties. In August , a varied collection of good Staffordshire antique porcelain exceeded all expectations when it was sold at a Devon auction house.